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What are the types of functional ingredients used in anti-ageing cosmetics?

Ageing is a natural part of the life process and although it is unstoppable, there are ways to slow down the pace of ageing, and anti-ageing cosmetics are one such cosmetic product designed to slow down skin ageing. Anti-ageing cosmetics are one such cosmetic product that aims to slow down the ageing of the skin by using the following functional ingredients.

  1. Ingredients with moisturising and skin barrier repair properties

These ingredients maintain the water content in the skin’s stratum corneum in the right range and reduce the formation of wrinkles. Examples include glycerine, allantoin, sodium pyrrolidone carboxylate, lactic and sodium lactate, ceramides and hyaluronic acid.

  • Raw material to promote cell proliferation and metabolic capacity

These ingredients promote cell division and proliferation, boost cell metabolism, accelerate the rate of epidermal cell renewal and slow down skin ageing. They include cell growth factors (including epidermal growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, keratinocyte growth factor, etc.), deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), retinoids, fruit acids, marine peptides, sheep embryonic hormone, beta-glucan, uridine and kappa elastin.

  • Antioxidant raw materials

Ageing is closely related to many oxidation reactions, and anti-oxidation can be anti-ageing, so such raw materials have an irreplaceable role in anti-ageing cosmetics. Commonly used antioxidant raw materials are: ① vitamins, such as vitamin E, vitamin C, etc.; ② biological enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), coenzyme Q10, etc.; ③ flavonoids, such as proanthocyanidins, tea polyphenols, baicalin, etc.; ④ proteins, such as metallothionein, papain and silk gum protein, etc.

  • Sun Protection Ingredients

Long-term UV radiation accelerates the skin’s ageing process and causes premature ageing, so sunscreen ingredients are an essential category in anti-ageing skin products.

  • Natural extracts with complex effects

Many natural plant and animal extracts have good anti-ageing effects and are usually multi-faceted and complex, with the advantages of mild and stable effects, wide range of application and high safety, which are increasingly favoured and recognised by consumers. In particular, some herbal extracts have been widely used in anti-ageing products, such as ginseng, astragalus, gynostemma, deer antler, ganoderma lucidum, sea buckthorn, poria, angelica, pearl, ginkgo and evening primrose.

  • Trace elements

The anti-ageing effects of trace elements have become a hot topic of research in the biology of ageing in recent years. A large number of studies have proved that the main trace elements closely related to anti-ageing are zinc, copper, manganese and selenium.

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