Welcome to Guangzhou Jixun Technology Development Co.

捷迅科技

Compounding Properties of Cationic Surface Actives in Anionic Systems

There are many determinants of the effect of anion-cation surfactant compounding on surface activity, and there is a synergistic effect in the case of suitable structure of both parties.

In the mixed system of anion-cation surfactants, due to the strong electrostatic attraction of positive/negative ions between molecules, it is easy to form a rod-shaped colloid after compounding with each other, and aggregation occurs after the concentration exceeds the CMC, and turbidity, separation, and so on will occur. Controlling the length of hydrophobic chain, using short-chain surfactants or increasing hydrophilic groups (ethoxylation), it is possible to be in solution without precipitation phenomenon, and make the surface activity than a single component has a substantial increase.

The synergistic effect of anion-cation surfactant compounding is reflected in the following points:

01Detergency

Cationic surfactants can be added in small amounts to anionic surfactant-based detergents as synergists to improve detergency.

02Solubilizing property

In the anion-cation surfactant compound system, with the addition of one surfactant to another surfactant with opposite charge, the polymerization number of the mixed colloid will increase sharply, and the colloid transitions to the rod structure, and the rod colloid has a greater solubilizing capacity for the solubilized material that is solubilized in the core of the colloid.

03Foam properties

Electrical attraction exists between anionic and cationic surfactants, and an isometric composition of the adsorbent layer is necessary to maximize the electrical attraction. The charge effect weakens the electrical repulsion between the adsorbent layer and the surface-active ions in the micelles, thus increasing the surface adsorption. The above effects result in a very low surface and interfacial tension of the compounded solution, which inevitably leads to an increase in the foaming force. At the same time, due to the close arrangement of molecules in the adsorption layer and the strong interaction between molecules also makes the surface viscosity increase, the mechanical strength of the surface film increases, so that it is not easy to rupture when subjected to external forces, the loss of liquid in the foam slows down, the gas permeability decreases, prolonging the life of the foam.

04Wetting performance

As the surface adsorption of anion-cation surfactant compound system is enhanced, the surface tension of the system is lower, so the compound system will have strong wetting ability.

05Emulsifying properties

The emulsifying ability of surfactants depends on their hydrophilic and lipophilic balance, the hydrophilic and lipophilic values of the oil phase, and the firmness of the film formed by the surfactant at the oil/water interface. By adding a small amount of cationic surfactant into anionic surfactant or vice versa, the surface activity of the compounded surfactant increases due to the charge effect, and the denseness of the film formed at the oil/water interface increases, so the emulsifying ability is enhanced.

In addition, the compounding system can also have the advantages of two components at the same time. Cationic surface active agent is a better antistatic agent and bactericidal antifungal agent, but the washing effect is not good, and anionic surface active agent can be obtained after compounding of chemical fiber products, excellent detergent, both washing, antistatic, softness, dust and other functions.

*Disclaimer: The content contained in this article comes from the Internet, WeChat public numbers and other public channels, and we maintain a neutral attitude toward the views expressed in the article. This article is for reference and exchange only. The copyright of the reproduced manuscript belongs to the original author and the institution, and if there is any infringementPlease contact Jetson Chemical for deletion

Share:

NEWS

Related News

Application of surfactants in textile dyeing

Textile fiber processing into a variety of textiles, in the process of its processing, need to use a variety of auxiliary chemicals, of which the amount of the most? The largest variety of changes when the number of surfactants, and active agents when the number of sodium rosinate. In addition, there are polymer surfactants and

What are the uses of surfactants in various types of detergents?

The detergent action of surfactants is the fundamental property for which surfactants have the greatest practical use. It is involved in the daily life of millions of households. And it is also increasingly used in a wide range of industries and in various industrial processes. Detergents: Surfactants are the main active ingredients of detergents, and

环氧树脂

What is the future development trend of the epoxy resin curing agent industry?

With the rapid growth of the chemical industry, the scenarios in which epoxy resins are applied are gradually increasing, leading to a rapid growth in the scale of the epoxy resin industry. According to network data, as of July 2023, the total scale of China’s epoxy resin has exceeded 3 million tonnes/year, showing a high

Commonly used thickeners in cosmetics

A cosmetic thickener is a substance that increases the viscosity or consistency of a cosmetic product, which can increase the viscosity of the material system, keep the material system in a uniform and stable suspension or emulsion state, or form a gel. Most of the thickeners also have emulsifying effect. Cosmetic thickeners can be divided

Scroll to Top